Managing Money as an Older Adult
One-third of seniors don't have money left over at the end of each month. This and other monetary concerns make financial planning especially important for seniors.
About 1 in 20 seniors have experienced financial mistreatment. Since many seniors already face uncertainties and struggles financially, seniors need an understanding of how to plan financially and how to protect themselves from financial risks.
Financial Safety Tips for Older Adults
Seniors are often the targets of financial scammers. Additionally, seniors can be financially vulnerable due to changing technology and issues related to aging. For example, seniors with hearing problems may struggle with communication about their finances and seniors with memory loss may have trouble managing their budget.
Tips to Stay Safe
* Work with a financial advisor (be sure they are licensed and a fiduciary)
* Use unique passwords for accounts (and record and store the ifnormation electronically or on paper)
* Entrust a loved one with access to accounts in case of emergency
* Keep finances in multiple secure accounts
* Always call the numbers listed on account information (do not return calls as they may be scams)
* Get details about financial decisions in writing for review
* Check credit reports once a year
* Sign up for notifications when payments over a certain am ount are made
* Never give ocnfidential information, such as social security number, over the phone unless you initiated the call
Budgeting as a Senior
Many seniors are retired, which often leads to living on a smaller income than when employed full-time. As a result, seniors tend to live on a carefully managed budget. The most common living expenses include:
* Housing * Moving * Food * Travel and leisure
* Medical * Gifts/Support of loved ones * Personal Care/Living Assistance
To live within means, seniors can adhere to a reasonable budget by:
* Downsizing to save on housing and utilities
* Asking for senior discounts on food, travel , leisure, and more
* Looking into insurance, supplemental insurance, and health savings account (HSA) options to reduce costs
* Reducing insurance, such as auto insurance, by reporting no daily commute as a retiree
* Maintaining traditional savings accounts in order to avoid withdrawals from retirement accounts in emergencies or for unexpected large expenses
* Restricting credit card spending to maintain more awareness of budgeting and reduce potential credit card fraud
* Choosing one account to pay all regular cost of living expenses, while maintaining additional accounts for specific other expenses
* Switching to online and automatic billing, direct deposit, and other simple processes that make financial management easy (and may include incentives for switching)
Finally, make sure your legal documents are up-to-date, especially those that give power of attorney (POA). In the case that you are unable to manage your own finances, a POA can step in and help. If a POA is not assigned, these processes for managing your hard earned money take longer and are much more costly.