Where are the Hidden Hazards for at Home Seniors?
Home is not always sweet. There could be hidden hazards to you in their very own home. It is essential that these hazards are recognized and remedied to keep you safe and sound at home.
Having a well-lilt home can help you get around better and prevent you from falling, reading labels incorrectly, and tripping over items in the bathroom or walkways.
Tips to minimize risk with lighting:
* Have a night light for all bathrooms
* Ensure there is bright lighting in areas where medication is stored, so the label can be read easily
* Check that the proper light bulbs and wattage are used throughout the home
* Make sure there is adequate lighting in the kitchen, especially around the stove and oven area, and where knives or sharp appliances may be used
Slippery floors or worn out rugs can cause an older individual to slip and fall or prevent you from moving around in a walker or wheelchair. Keep floors in good repair to prevent injury and allow you to maintain your mobility.
Tips to minimize risk with flooring:
* Keep floors clean and dry
* Use nonskid mats on the bathroom floor
* Update carpets if needed, low pile carpet is best
* Use rugs sparingly and properly secure them to the floor
3. Bathtub and Shower
Getting in and out of the bathtub or shower can be tricky and create a potential safety hazard. Water adds an extra slippery element, and steps in showers or tubs can make this an especially challenging area.
Tips to minimize risk with bathtubs and showers:
* Skid-proof the bathtub and make sure bath mats have a non-slip bottom
* Add grab bars to the bathtub and/or shower
* Use a shower seat or a bathtub transfer bench, if necessary
* Have hot and cold faucets clearly marked
Getting on and off the toilet can become increasingly difficult as mobility declines. Make sure you can easily sit on the toilet and then stand up to prevent injuries.
Tips to minimize risk with toilets:
* Adjust the seat height if necessary so it isn't too low or too high
* Add grab bars near the toilet so you can grab onto them as you go on and off the seat
5. Obstructed Walkways
Keeping walkways and living spaces clean and clutter-free can help keep you from tripping and falling, and can help mobility, especially if you are using a wheelchair or walker.
Tips to minimize risk with walkways:
* Make sure furniture is no too large that it is obstructing walking paths
* Keep walkways and general areas clean and free from clutter
Having improper seating makes it more difficult for you to stand up from a seated position and increases the chances of falling or straining muscles.
Tips for minimizing risk with seating:
* Have chairs with armrests so you can utilize armrests to help you up
* Adjust seat height if necessary to make it easier to sit and stand up
* Check that all chairs and tables are sturdy and stable
7. Electrical Cords and Appliances
Electrical cords peaking out can create a potential tripping and falling risk. Leaving appliances on r having extension cords can create hazards in the home.
Tips to minimize risk with cords and appliances:
* Keep electrical cords hidden and out of walkways
* Clearly label "on"and "off" switches for small appliances
* Remove electric and telephone cords from high-traffic areas
* Ensure there aren't any electrical cords near sinks
* Keep appliances close to wall outlets
Many seniors are on multiple medications which can assist with daily activities and ultimately help you achieve a better quality of life. Precautions should be taken to make sure medication is properly stored and administered, ensuring they do more good than harm.
Tips to minimize risk with medication:
* Make sure medications are clearly labeled and easy to read
* Dispose of any outdated medications properly
* Never use another person's prescription, even if it's for the same ailment
* Keep medicine cabinets well lit and read medicine labels in good lighting
9. Smoke and Fire
Fires can happen in any home due to misuse or just simply a faulty appliance or accident. Set your home up so you are alerted and prepared if a fire were to happen at home.
Tips to minimize risk with Smoke and Fire:
* Make sure smoke detectors are installed in every bedroom and in all levels of the home
* Check and replace batteries in smoke detectors every 6 months
* Keep a fire extinguisher in the home
* Don't smoke in bed or alone in the home
While most homes in the Southwest don't have stairs, they are still a major risk to seniors. Falls are the most common cause of injury and death in individuals over age 65. Even small steps up into different elevations of the home can pose a risk.
Tips to minimizing risks with stairs:
* Add railings to both sides of the stairway
* Make sure railings are secure and in good condition
* Ensure stairway is well lit with light switches at the top and bottom